Shout Because You’re Free: The African American Ring Shout Tradition in Coastal Georgia

The ring shout is the oldest known African American performance tradition surviving on the North American continent. Performed for the purpose of religious worship, this fusion of dance, song, and percussion survives today in the Bolton Community of McIntosh County, Georgia. Incorporating oral history, first-person accounts, musical transcriptions, photographs, and drawings, Shout Because You're Free documents a group of performers known as the McIntosh County Shouters.

Derived from African practices, the ring shout combines call-and-response singing, the percussion of a stick or broom on a wood floor, and hand-clapping and foot-tapping. First described in depth by outside observers on the sea islands of South Carolina and Georgia during the Civil War, the ring shout was presumed to have died out in active practice until 1980, when the shouters in the Bolton community first came to the public's attention.

Shout Because You're Free is the result of sixteen years of research and fieldwork by Art and Margo Rosenbaum, authors of Folk Visions and Voices. The book includes descriptions of present-day community shouts, a chapter on the history of the shout's African origins, the recollections of early outside observers, and later folklorists' comments. In addition, the tunes and texts of twenty-five shout songs performed by the McIntosh County Shouters are transcribed by ethnomusicologist Johann S. Buis.Shout Because You're Free is a fascinating look at a unique living tradition that demonstrates ties to Africa, slavery, and Emancipation while interweaving these influences with worship and oneness with the spirit.

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Series: Sarah Mills Hodge Fund Publication
Paperback: 232 pages
Publisher: University of Georgia Press; Reprint edition (October 1, 2013)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 082034611X
ISBN-13: 978-0820346113
Product Dimensions: 7 x 0.8 x 9 inches
Shipping Weight: 1.1 pounds



An impressive body of work. . . . This book should take its place as a significant presentation of grassroots African American song and culture. (Journal of American Folklore)

This is a splendid addition to the growing literature documenting African cultural survivals in the South. (Southern Cultures)

Online Reviews

“Excellent Resource: Writers, historians and researchers interested in understanding the “look and feel” of the ring shout will find what they’re looking for in this book. Its re-issue in paperback and e-book will help others find and enjoy this well-researched material. The observations of those who’ve seen ring shouts as well as the words of ring shout songs are especially helpful.

The book’s only limitation comes from its strong focus on one group of contemporary singers. If the authors were planning an update, it would be helpful to include historical shouts that have been used from the 1800s through the services of the Sanctified Church during the 1900s. That said, the book is an excellent introduction for those who’ve discovered the ring shout and want to learn more about its origins.” — M. R. Campbell, Amazon Reviews